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3_composition:annexes:bibliographie:citer_une_url2 [2021/09/29 09:00]
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-====== URLs in BibTeX bibliographies ====== 
- 
- 
-There is no citation type for URLs, //per se//, in the 
-standard BibTeX styles, though Oren Patashnik (the author of 
-BibTeX) is believed to be considering developing one such for use 
-with the long-awaited BibTeX version 1.0. 
- 
-The actual information that need be available in a citation of an 
-URL is discussed at some length in the publicly available on-line 
-[[http://​www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/​iso/​tc46sc9/​docs/​sc9n473.pdf|extracts of ISO 690--2]]; 
-the techniques below do //not// satisfy all the requirements of 
-ISO 690--2, but they offer a solution that is at least available 
-to users of today'​s tools. 
- 
-Until the new version of BibTeX arrives, the simplest technique is 
-to use the ''​howpublished''​ field of the standard styles'​ ''​@misc''​ 
-function. ​ Of course, the strictures about 
-[[3_composition:​texte:​mots:​mettre_en_forme_des_url_et_des_adresses_electroniques|typesetting URLs]] still apply, so the 
-entry will look like: 
- 
-<code bibtex> 
-@misc{..., 
-  ..., 
-  howpublished = "​\url{http://​...}"​ 
-} 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-A possible alternative approach is to use BibTeX styles other than 
-the standard ones, that already have URL entry types. 
-Candidates are: 
-  * The [[ctanpkg>​natbib]] styles ([[ctanpkg>​natbib|plainnat]],​ [[ctanpkg>​natbib|unsrtnat]] and [[ctanpkg>​natbib|abbrevnat]]),​ which are extensions of the standard styles, principally for use with [[ctanpkg>​natbib|natbib]] itself. ​ However, they'​ve acquired URLs and other "​modern"​ entries along the way.  The same author'​s [[ctanpkg>​custom-bib]] is also capable of generating styles that honour URL entries. 
-  * The [[ctanpkg>​babelbib]] bundle, which offers [[3_composition:​annexes:​bibliographie:​bibliographies_internationales|multilingual bibliographies]],​ similarly provides a set of standard-style equivalents that have URL entries. 
-  * More modern styles such as the [[ctanpkg>​harvard]] package (if the citation styles are otherwise satisfactory for you). [[ctanpkg>​harvard|Harvard]] bibliography styles all include a ''​url'' ​ field in their specification;​ however, the typesetting offered is  somewhat feeble (though it does recognise and use ''​LaTeX2HTML''​ macros if they are available, to create ​ hyperlinks). 
- 
-You can also acquire new BibTeX styles by use of Norman Gray's 
-[[ctanpkg>​urlbst]] system, which is based on a Perl script 
-that edits an existing BibTeX style file to produce a new 
-style. The new style thus generated has a ''​webpage''​ entry type, and 
-also offers support for ''​url''​ and ''​lastchecked''​ fields 
-in the other entry types. ​ The Perl script comes with a set 
-of converted versions of the standard bibliography styles. 
- 
-Another possibility is that some conventionally-published paper, 
-technical report (or even book) is also available on the Web.  In such 
-cases, a useful technique is something like: 
-<code bibtex> 
-@techreport{...,​ 
-  ..., 
-  note = "Also available as \url{http://​...}"​ 
-} 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-There is good reason to use the [[ctanpkg>​url]] or [[ctanpkg>​hyperref]] 
-packages in this context: BibTeX has a habit of splitting 
-lines it considers excessively long, and if there are no space 
-characters for it to use as "​natural"​ breakpoints,​ BibTeX will 
-insert a comment (''​%''​) character... which is an acceptable character 
-in an URL.  Any current version of either of the [[ctanpkg>​url]] or 
-[[ctanpkg>​hyperref]] packages detects this "''​%''​--end-of-line"​ structure 
-in its argument, and removes it. 
- 
- 
------ 
-//Source:// [[faquk>​FAQ-citeURL|URLs in BibTeX bibliographies]] 
- 
-{{htmlmetatags>​metatag-keywords=(LaTeX,​BibTeX,​bibliographies,​citer un site web,citer une URL,citer une adresse internet,​référence à un site web) 
-metatag-og:​title=(URLs in BibTeX bibliographies) 
-metatag-og:​site_name=(FAQ LaTeX francophone) 
-}} 
  
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