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— section: Bibliographies and citations subsection: Creating citations permalink: /FAQ-compactbib.html date: 2014-06-10 —

# Reducing spacing in the bibliography

Bibliographies are, in fact, implemented as lists, so all the confusion about [reducing list item spacing]({% post_url FAQ-complist %}) also applies to bibliographies.

If the [natbib](https://ctan.org/pkg/natbib) package works for you (it may not if you are using some special-purpose bibliography style), the solution is relatively simple&nbsp;&mdash; add latex \usepackage{natbib} \setlength{\bibsep}{0.0pt}  to the preamble of your document.

The [compactbib](https://ctan.org/pkg/compactbib) package has a similar effect. Its primary purpose is to produce two bibliographies, and it seems to preclude use of BibTeX (though the package documentation, in the package file itself, isn't particularly clear).

Otherwise, one is into unseemly hacking of something or other. The [mdwlist](https://ctan.org/pkg/mdwlist) package actually does the job, but it doesn't work here, because it makes a different-named list, while the name thebibliography is built into LaTeX and BibTeX. Therefore, we need to [patch the underlying macro]({% post_url FAQ-patch %}): <!– {% raw %} –> latex \let\oldbibliography\thebibliography \renewcommand{\thebibliography}[1]{%

\oldbibliography{#1}%
\setlength{\itemsep}{0pt}%

}  <!– {% endraw %} –> The [savetrees](https://ctan.org/pkg/savetrees) package performs such a patch, among a plethora of space-saving measures: you can, in principle, suppress all its other actions, and have it provide you a compressed bibliography _only_.

3_composition/annexes/bibliographie/compacter_une_bibliographie.1527199356.txt.gz · Dernière modification: 2018/05/25 00:02 par joseph.wright