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3_composition:annexes:bibliographie:utiliser_bibtex [2021/10/18 09:43]
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-====== Normal use of BibTeX from LaTeX ====== 
- 
- 
-To create a bibliography for your document, you need to perform a 
-sequence of steps, some of which seem a bit odd.  If you choose to use 
-BibTeX, the sequence is: 
- 
-First: you need a BibTeX bibliography file (a ''​bib''​ file) --- 
-see "​[[3_composition/​annexes/​bibliographie/​construire_un_fichier_bibtex|creating a BibTeX file]]"​. 
- 
-Second: you must write your LaTeX document to include a declaration 
-of the "​style"​ of bibliography,​ citations, and a reference to the 
-bibliography file mentioned above. ​ So we may have a LaTeX 
-file containing: 
- 
-<code latex> 
-\bibliographystyle{plain} 
-... 
-Pooh is heroic~\cite{Milne:​1926}. 
-... 
-Alice struggles~\cite{Carroll:​1865}. 
-... 
-\bibliography{mybooks} 
-</​code>​ 
-Note: we have bibliography style [[ctanpkg>​plain]],​ above, which is 
-nearly the simplest of the lot: a sample text, showing the sorts of 
-style choices available, can be found on Ken Turner'​s web site: 
-[[http://​www.cs.stir.ac.uk/​~kjt/​software/​latex/​showbst.html]]. 
- 
-Third: you must process the file: 
-<code basj> 
-latex myfile 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-As LaTeX processes the file, the ''​\bibliographystyle''​ command 
-writes a note of the style to the ''​aux''​ file; each 
-''​\cite''​ command writes a note of the citation to the 
-''​aux''​ file, and the ''​\bibliography''​ command writes a note 
-of which ''​bib''​ file is to be used, to the ''​aux''​ file. 
- 
-Note that, at this stage, LaTeX isn't "​resolving"​ any of the 
-citations: at every ''​\cite''​ command, LaTeX will warn you of the 
-undefined citation, and when the document finishes, there will be a 
-further warning of undefined references. 
- 
-Fourth: you must run BibTeX: 
-<code bash> 
-bibtex myfile 
-</​code>​ 
- 
-Don't try to tell BibTeX anything but the file name: say 
-''​bibtex myfile.aux''​ (because you know it's going to read the 
-''​aux''​ file) and BibTeX will blindly attempt to process 
-''​myfile.aux.aux''​. 
- 
-BibTeX will scan the ''​aux''​ file; it will find which bibliography 
-style it needs to use, and will "​compile"​ that style; it will note 
-the citations; it will find which bibliography files it needs, and 
-will run through them matching citations to entries in the 
-bibliography;​ and finally it will sort the entries that have been 
-cited (if the bibliography style specifies that they should be 
-sorted), and outputs the resulting details to a ''​bbl''​ file. 
- 
-Fifth: you run LaTeX again. ​ It warns, again, that each citation is 
-(still) undefined, but when it gets to the ''​\bibliography''​ command, 
-it finds a ''​bbl''​ file, and reads it.  As it encounters each 
-''​\bibitem''​ command in the file, it notes a definition of the 
-citation. 
- 
-Sixth: you run LaTeX yet again. ​ This time, it finds values for all 
-the citations, in its ''​aux''​ file.  Other things being equal, you're 
-done... until you change the file. 
- 
-If, while editing, you change any of the citations, or add new ones, 
-you need to go through the process above from steps 3 (first run of 
-LaTeX) to 6, again, before the document is once again stable. 
-These four mandatory runs of LaTeX make processing a document with 
-a bibliography even more tiresome than the normal two runs required to 
-resolve labels. 
- 
-To summarise: processing to resolve citations requires: LaTeX; 
-BibTeX; LaTeX; LaTeX. 
- 
- 
------ 
-//Source:// [[faquk>​FAQ-usebibtex|Normal use of BibTeX from LaTeX]] 
- 
-{{htmlmetatags>​metatag-keywords=(LaTeX,​bibliographie,​références bibliographique,​compiler une bibliographie,​fichier bib) 
-metatag-og:​title=(Normal use of BibTeX from LaTeX) 
-metatag-og:​site_name=(FAQ LaTeX francophone) 
-}} 
  
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