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3_composition:flottants:positionnement:forcer_la_position_d_un_flottant2 [2018/06/03 15:34]
d.p.carlisle
3_composition:flottants:positionnement:forcer_la_position_d_un_flottant2 [2020/12/08 14:24]
yannick.tanguy Début de la traduction.
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---- +====== Comment imposer un emplacement à un flottant ? ======
-title: Figure (or table) _exactly_ where I want it +
-category: floats +
-tags: +
-  - tables +
-  - figures +
-permalink: /​FAQ-figurehere +
----+
  
-This is of course a contradiction: ​`figureand +FIXME This is of course a contradiction: ​''​figure'' ​and ''​table'' ​are //​designed// ​to float, and will always have the potential to appear away from where you asked for them.  Therefore you need something that behaves like a ''​figure'' ​or ''​table'' ​environment,​ except that it doesn'​t allow the figure or table to float.
-`tableare _designed_ ​to float, and will always have +
-the potential to appear away from where you asked for them.  Therefore +
-you need something that behaves like a `figureor +
-`tableenvironment,​ except that it doesn'​t allow the +
-figure or table to float.+
  
-The most straightforward way is to use of the [`float`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​floatpackage; +The most straightforward way is to use of the [[ctanpkg>​float|float]] package; it gives you a ''​[H]'' ​float placement option that prevents floating: 
-it gives you a `[H]float placement option that prevents + 
-floating: +<​code ​latex>
-```latex+
 \begin{figure}[H] \begin{figure}[H]
   \centering   \centering
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   \label{fig:​nonfloat}   \label{fig:​nonfloat}
 \end{figure} \end{figure}
-``` +</code>
-As the example suggests, such a `[H]` figure (or +
-corresponding table) offers all you need to cross-reference as well +
-as typeset. ​ (The package [`here`](https:​//​ctan.org/​pkg/​here) provides the same function, +
-but is no longer recommended.)+
  
-However, you don't actually ​_have_ ​to use [`float`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​float) ​(or +As the example suggests, such a ''​[H]''​ figure (or corresponding table) offers all you need to cross-reference as well as typeset. ​ (The package [[ctanpkg>​here|here]] provides the same function, but is no longer recommended.) 
-[`here`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​here)) since it is, in fact, doing rather little for you. + 
-You can place your figure as you please, with a sequence like +However, you don't actually ​//​have// ​to use [[ctanpkg>​float|float](or [[ctanpkg>​here|here]]) since it is, in fact, doing rather little for you. You can place your figure as you please, with a sequence like 
-```latex+ 
 +<​code ​latex>
 \begin{center} \begin{center}
   \includegraphics{foo}   \includegraphics{foo}
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   \label{fig:​nonfloat}   \label{fig:​nonfloat}
 \end{center} \end{center}
-``` +</​code>​ 
-which relies on the `\captionofcommand to place a caption without+which relies on the ''​\captionof'' ​command to place a caption without
 benefit of an enclosing float. ​ That command may be had from the extremely benefit of an enclosing float. ​ That command may be had from the extremely
-simple-minded package [`capt-of`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​capt-ofor from the highly +simple-minded package [[ctanpkg>​capt-of|capt-of]] or from the highly 
-sophisticated [`caption`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​captionpackage.+sophisticated [[ctanpkg>​caption|caption]] package.
  
 Using either method, you have to deal with the possibility of the Using either method, you have to deal with the possibility of the
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 float away in this circumstance;​ "doing it by hand", like this, you float away in this circumstance;​ "doing it by hand", like this, you
 take upon yourself the responsibility for avoiding ​ take upon yourself the responsibility for avoiding ​
-"_Overfull `\vbox`_" errors.+"//Overfull ''​\vbox''//​" errors.
  
 A further problem is the possibility that such "fixed floats"​ will A further problem is the possibility that such "fixed floats"​ will
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 If it's really impossible to follow that counsel of perfection, you If it's really impossible to follow that counsel of perfection, you
-can use the [`perpage`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​perpagepackage'​s command ​`\MakeSorted`+can use the [[ctanpkg>​perpage|perpage]] package'​s command ​''​\MakeSorted''​
 command: command:
-```latex+ 
 +<​code ​latex>
 ... ...
 \usepackage{float} \usepackage{float}
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 \MakeSorted{table} \MakeSorted{table}
 ... ...
-```+</​code>​
 and the sequence of float numbers is all correct. and the sequence of float numbers is all correct.
  
  
 +-----
 +
 +//Source:// [[faquk>​FAQ-figurehere|Figure (or table) _exactly_ where I want it]]
 +
 +{{htmlmetatags>​metatag-keywords=(LaTeX,​figures,​floats,​tables)
 +metatag-og:​title=(Comment imposer un emplacement à un flottant)
 +metatag-og:​site_name=(FAQ LaTeX francophone)
 +}}
3_composition/flottants/positionnement/forcer_la_position_d_un_flottant2.txt · Dernière modification: 2020/12/08 14:24 par yannick.tanguy
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