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— category: errors permalink: /FAQ-includeother date: 2014-06-10 —

# LaTeX won't include from other directories

You wanted to `\include{../bar/xyz.tex}`, but LaTeX says: ```latex latex: Not writing to ../bar/xyz.aux (openout_any = p). ! I cant write on file `../bar/xyz.aux. ``` The error comes from TeX's protection against writing to directories that aren't descendents of the one where your document resides. (The restriction protects against problems arising from LaTeXing someone else's malicious, or merely broken, document. If such a document overwrites something you wanted kept, there is obvious potential for havoc.)

Document directory structures that can lead to this problem will look like the fictional `mybook`: ```latex ./base/mybook.tex ./preface/Preface.tex ./preface/* ./chapter1/Intro.tex … ``` With such a structure, any document directory (other than the one where `mybook.tex` lives), seems up the tree from the base directory. (References to such files will look like `\include{../preface/Preface}`: the `..` is the hint.) But why did it want to write at all? — [what's going in in my `\include`](/FAQ-include) explains how `\include` works, among other things by writing an `aux` file for every `\includ`ed file. Solutions to the problem tend to be drastic: 1. Restructure the directories that hold your document so that the master file is at the root of the tree: ```latex ./mybook.tex ./mybook/preface/Preface.tex ./mybook/preface/*

  ./mybook/chapter1/Intro.tex
  ...
  ```
  and so on.

2. Did you actually _need_ `\include`? — if not, you can

  replace `\include` by `\input` throughout.  (This only works
  if you don't need `\includeonly`.)

3. You _could_ patch your system's `texmf.cnf` — if you

  know what you're doing, the error message should be enough of a
  hint; this action is definitely not recommended, and is left to
  those who can ''help themselves'' in this respect.
3_composition/texte/document/inclusion_depuis_un_autre_repertoire.1527276782.txt.gz · Dernière modification: 2018/05/25 21:33 par joseph.wright
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