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— title: Finding if a label is undefined section: Macro programming subsection: LaTeX macro programming date: 2014-06-10 —

People seem to want to know (at run time) if a label is undefined (I don't actually understand _why_, particularly: it's a transient state, and LaTeX deals with it quite well).

A resolved label is simply a command: `\r@``‹_label-name_›`; determining if the label is set is then simply a matter of detecting if the command exists. The usual LaTeX internal way of doing this is to use the command `ifundefined`:

`ifundefined{r@label-name}{undef-cmds}{def-cmds}`

In which, ‹_label-name_› is exactly what you would use in a `\label` command, and the remaining two arguments are command sequences to be used if the label is undefined (‹_undef-cmds_›) or if it is defined (‹_def-cmds_›).

Note that any command that incorporates `ifundefined` is naturally fragile, so remember to create it with `\DeclareRobustCommand` or to use it with `\protect` in a moving argument.

If you're into this game, you may well not care about LaTeX's warning about undefined labels at the end of the document; however, if you are, include the command `\G@refundefinedtrue` in ‹_`undef-cmds`_›.

And of course, remember you're dealing in internal commands, and pay attention to the [at-signs](FAQ-atsigns.md).

All the above can be avoided by using the [`labelcas`](https://ctan.org/pkg/labelcas) package: it provides commands that enable you to switch according to the state of a single label, or the states of a list of labels. The package's definition is a bit complicated, but the package itself is pretty powerful.

3_composition/texte/renvois/detecter_qu_un_label_est_vide.1527151243.txt.gz · Dernière modification: 2018/05/24 10:40 par joseph.wright
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