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6_distributions:installation:protext_et_miktex [2018/03/16 08:12]
jejust Récupération de contenu sur StackExchange.
6_distributions:installation:protext_et_miktex [2018/05/25 00:05]
joseph.wright
Ligne 1: Ligne 1:
-====== Quelle est la différence entre proTeXt et MiKTeX ? ======+--- 
 +section: TeX Systems 
 +permalink: /​FAQ-syswin32.html 
 +date: 2014-06-10 
 +---
  
 +# (Modern) Windows systems
  
 Windows users nowadays have a real choice, between two excellent Windows users nowadays have a real choice, between two excellent
-distributions,​ MiKTeX and TeX Live.  TeX Live on windows has+distributions,​ MiKTeX and TeX Live.  TeX Live on windows has
 only in recent years been a real challenger to the long-established only in recent years been a real challenger to the long-established
-MiKTeX, and even now MiKTeX has features that TeX Live lacks.+MiKTeX, and even now MiKTeX has features that TeX Live lacks
 +Both are comprehensive 
 +distributions,​ offering all the established TeX variants (TeX, 
 +pdfTeX&​nbsp;&​mdash;​ both with &​epsilon;​-TeX variants&​nbsp;&​mdash;​ as well as XeTeX and 
 +LuaTeX), together with a wide range of support tools. 
 + 
 +Both MiKTeX and TeX&​nbsp;​Live offer management tools, including the 
 +means of keeping an installation ''​up-to-date'',​ by reinstalling 
 +packages that have been updated on CTAN (the delay between a 
 +package update appearing, and it being available to the distribution 
 +users) can be as short as a day (and is never very long).
  
 MiKTeX, by Christian Schenk, is the longer-established of the pair, MiKTeX, by Christian Schenk, is the longer-established of the pair,
-and has a large audience of satisfied users; TeX Live is the+and has a large audience of satisfied users; TeX Live is the
 dominant distribution in use in the world of Unix-like systems, and so dominant distribution in use in the world of Unix-like systems, and so
 its Windows version may be expected to appeal to those who use both its Windows version may be expected to appeal to those who use both
-Unix-like and Windows systems. ​ The latest release of MiKTeX ​--- +Unix-like and Windows systems. ​ The latest release of MiKTeX&​nbsp;&​mdash;​ 
-version 2.9 --- requires Windows XP, or later (so it does not work on +version 2.9&​nbsp;&​mdash; ​requires Windows XP, or later (so it does not work on 
-Windows 2000 or earlier)+Windows 2000 or earlier).
- +
------ +
- +
-proTeXt is a bundle that contains, among other things, MiKTeX, which is one of the two major TeX distributions (the other being TeX Live): +
-« First, proTeXt adds a few independent tools to MiKTeX, notably TeXnicCenter and Ghostscript. » +
- +
-TeXnicCenter is a LaTeX editor that works quite well with MiKTeX, Ghostscript is software for processing PostScript (*.ps) files. +
- +
-What makes the difference between MiKTeX'​s 164 MB and proTeXt'​s 1195 MB is the fact that MiKTeX is a Basic Installer that loads further packages on-the-fly, when necessary. The MiKTeX included in proTeXt has that ability, too, of course; however, it comes with many (all?) packages included, so it's a "​full"​ install. +
- +
-If you're completely new to LaTeX and you have a decent Internet connection, I recommend going for proTeXt because it gives you all you need for a start and offers a nice installation-flow manual. +
- +
-If you kinda know where you're going and you have Internet access whenever you need it, the Basic MiKTeX Install will suffice. You can complement it with an editor of your choice, some are listed in the qustion LaTeX Editors/​IDEs,​ you can see which are quite popular among tex.sx users in our TeX Community Polls. +
- +
-One last thing about MiKTeX vs. TeX Live: I started out using MiKTeX about a year ago and I have found it quite comfortable;​ but as time goes on, I'm thinking more and more I might switch to TeX Live soon. Some differences are discussed at What are the advantages of TeX Live over MiKTeX?. I personally am just slightly frustrated with MiKTeX because it crashed a number of times and I had to reinstall. Once again, MiKTeX (within proTeXt) might be a good choice for LaTeX beginners on Windows who are used to the Windows feel, but TeX Live really seems to be more popular among people here, looking at the TeX Community Polls again.+
  
-I just unzipped the proTeXt 2.2.(current version is 3.0that I still had in My Downloads, and the biggest portion indeed goes to MiKTeX itself. Here'​s ​breakdown of the folders ​with their respective sizes:+Both distributions may be used in a configuration which involves no 
 +installation at all ​MiKTeX'​s ''​portable''​ distribution may be 
 +unpacked on a memory stick, and used on any windows computer without 
 +making any direct use of the hard drive The web page  
 +[TeX&​nbsp;​Live portable usage](http://www.tug.org/​texlive/​portable.html) 
 +describes ​the options for installing TeX&​nbsp;​Live on memory stick, or 
 +for using the TeX&​nbsp;​Live DVD with no installation at all.
  
-<​code>​ +Both MiKTeX and TeX&​nbsp;​Live may be downloaded and installed, package 
-doc           16 MB +by package, over the net.  This is a mammoth undertaking,​ only to be 
-gsv           17 MB (GhostScript ​and GhostView) +undertaken by those with a good network connection ​(and a patient 
-Install ​      10 MB +disposition!).
-MiKTeX ​      906 MB +
-Sources ​       1 MB +
-TeXnicCenter ​  4 MB +
-unsupported ​   9 MB +
-</​code>​+
  
-Indeed, if you dig further in the folder structureyou get to one huge folderproTeXt→MiKTeX→tm→packageswhich is 903 MB in size and contains over 2000 files.+A ready-to-run copy of the MiKTeX distribution, 
 +on DVD may be bought via the  
 +[MiKTeX web site](http://​www.miktex.org/​cd/​).  ​MiKTeX ​may 
 +also be installed using ProTeXton the  
 +[TeX Collection DVD]({% post_url FAQ-CD %}).
  
 +The [TeX Collection DVD]({% post_url FAQ-CD %}) also provides an
 +offline installer for TeX&​nbsp;​Live.
  
-<​note>​ +A further (free) option is available thanks to the 
-Update: The current proTeXt actually contains **TeXstudio ​as an editor**, and not TeXnicCenter anymore, but that information hasn't even reached all of their own web sites yet+[CygWin bundle](http://​www.cygwin.com),​ which presents a 
-</​note>​+Unix-like environment in Windows systems (and also provides an 
 +X-windows server).  ​The (now obsolete) teTeX distribution is 
 +provided ​as part of the CygWin distribution, but there is a CygWin 
 +build of TeX&​nbsp;​Live so you can have a current TeX system TeX 
 +under CygWin is reputedly somewhat slower than native Win32 
 +implementations such as MiKTeX, and of course the TeX 
 +applications behave like Unix-system applications.
  
------ +BaKoMa TeX, by Basil Malyshev, is a comprehensive (shareware) 
-//​Sources://​ +distribution,​ which focuses on support of Acrobat. ​ The distribution 
-  ​[[https://tex.stackexchange.com/questions/26018/​what-to-download-protext-or-miktex|What to download, proTeXt or MiKTeX?]] +comes with a bunch of Type&​nbsp;​1 fonts packaged to work with BaKoMa 
-  * [[faquk>​FAQ-syswin32|(ModernWindows systems]]+TeX, which further the focus. 
 +  web site), and read installation instructions from  
 +  [the MiKTeX installation page](http://www.miktex.org/2.9/setup)
  
-{{htmlmetatags>​metatag-keywords=(LaTeX,​installer LaTeX,​installation sous Windows) 
-metatag-og:​title=(Quelle est la différence entre proTeXt et MiKTeX ?) 
-metatag-og:​site_name=(FAQ LaTeX francophone) 
-}} 
  
6_distributions/installation/protext_et_miktex.txt · Dernière modification: 2018/03/16 20:52 par jejust
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