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composition:annexes:bibliographie:citer_une_url2 [2018/06/03 15:34]
d.p.carlisle
composition:annexes:bibliographie:citer_une_url2 [2018/12/03 23:58] (Version actuelle)
jejust
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---- +====== ​URLs in BibTeX bibliographies ​======
-title: ​URLs in BibTeX bibliographies +
-category: bibliographies +
-permalink: /​FAQ-citeURL +
-redirect_from:​ /​FAQ-citeurl +
----+
  
-There is no citation type for URLs, _per se_, in the+ 
 +There is no citation type for URLs, //per se//, in the
 standard BibTeX styles, though Oren Patashnik (the author of standard BibTeX styles, though Oren Patashnik (the author of
 BibTeX) is believed to be considering developing one such for use BibTeX) is believed to be considering developing one such for use
-with the long-awaited BibTeX version 1.0.+with the long-awaited BibTeX version 1.0.
  
 The actual information that need be available in a citation of an The actual information that need be available in a citation of an
 URL is discussed at some length in the publicly available URL is discussed at some length in the publicly available
 on-line ​ on-line ​
-[extracts of ISO&​nbsp;​690&​ndash;​2](http://​www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/​iso/​tc46sc9/​docs/​sc9n473.pdf)+[[http://​www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/​iso/​tc46sc9/​docs/​sc9n473.pdf|extracts of ISO 690--2]]
-the techniques below do _not_ satisfy all the requirements of +the techniques below do //​not// ​satisfy all the requirements of 
-ISO 690–2, but they offer a solution that is at least+ISO 690--2, but they offer a solution that is at least
 available to users of today'​s tools. available to users of today'​s tools.
  
 Until the new version of BibTeX arrives, the simplest technique is Until the new version of BibTeX arrives, the simplest technique is
-to use the `howpublishedfield of the standard styles' ​`@misc`+to use the ''​howpublished'' ​field of the standard styles' ​''​@misc''​
 function. ​ Of course, the strictures function. ​ Of course, the strictures
-about [typesetting URLs](FAQ-setURLstill apply, so the+about [[FAQ-setURL|typesetting URLs]] ​still apply, so the
 entry will look like: entry will look like:
-```latex+ 
 +<​code ​latex>
 @misc{..., @misc{...,
   ...,   ...,
   howpublished = "​\url{http://​...}"​   howpublished = "​\url{http://​...}"​
 } }
-```+</​code>​ 
 A possible alternative approach is to use BibTeX styles other than A possible alternative approach is to use BibTeX styles other than
 the standard ones, that already have URL entry types. the standard ones, that already have URL entry types.
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   ​   ​
  
--  The [`natbib`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​natbibstyles ([`plainnat`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​natbib)+-  The [[ctanpkg>​natbib|natbib]] styles ([[ctanpkg>​natbib|plainnat]]
-    [`unsrtnat`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​natbib) ​and [`abbrevnat`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​natbib)), which are extensions of +    [[ctanpkg>​natbib|unsrtnat]and [[ctanpkg>​natbib|abbrevnat]]), which are extensions of 
-    the standard styles, principally for use with [`natbib`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​natbib)+    the standard styles, principally for use with [[ctanpkg>​natbib|natbib]]
     itself. ​ However, they'​ve acquired URLs and other "​modern"​     itself. ​ However, they'​ve acquired URLs and other "​modern"​
-    entries along the way.  The same author'​s [`custom-bib`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​custom-bibis+    entries along the way.  The same author'​s [[ctanpkg>​custom-bib|custom-bib]] is
     also capable of generating styles that honour URL entries.     also capable of generating styles that honour URL entries.
--  The [`babelbib`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​babelbibbundle, which offers  +-  The [[ctanpkg>​babelbib|babelbib]] bundle, which offers  
-    [multilingual bibliographies](FAQ-i18nbib), similarly provides a+    [[FAQ-i18nbib|multilingual bibliographies]], similarly provides a
     set of standard-style equivalents that have URL entries.     set of standard-style equivalents that have URL entries.
--  More modern styles such as the [`harvard`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​harvardpackage (if the+-  More modern styles such as the [[ctanpkg>​harvard|harvard]] package (if the
     citation styles are otherwise satisfactory for you).     citation styles are otherwise satisfactory for you).
-    [`Harvard`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​Harvardbibliography styles all include a `url`+    [[ctanpkg>​Harvard|Harvard]] bibliography styles all include a ''​url''​
     field in their specification;​ however, the typesetting offered is     field in their specification;​ however, the typesetting offered is
     somewhat feeble (though it does recognise and use     somewhat feeble (though it does recognise and use
-    ​`LaTeX2HTMLmacros if they are available, to create+    ​''​LaTeX2HTML'' ​macros if they are available, to create
     hyperlinks).     hyperlinks).
  
 You can also acquire new BibTeX styles by use of Norman Gray's You can also acquire new BibTeX styles by use of Norman Gray's
-[`urlbst`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​urlbstsystem, which is based on a `Perlscript+[[ctanpkg>​urlbst|urlbst]] system, which is based on a Perl script
 that edits an existing BibTeX style file to produce a new that edits an existing BibTeX style file to produce a new
-style. The new style thus generated has a `webpageentry type, and +style. The new style thus generated has a ''​webpage'' ​entry type, and 
-also offers support for `urland `lastcheckedfields +also offers support for ''​url'' ​and ''​lastchecked'' ​fields 
-in the other entry types. ​ The `Perlscript comes with a set+in the other entry types. ​ The Perl script comes with a set
 of converted versions of the standard bibliography styles. of converted versions of the standard bibliography styles.
  
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 technical report (or even book) is also available on the Web.  In such technical report (or even book) is also available on the Web.  In such
 cases, a useful technique is something like: cases, a useful technique is something like:
-```bibtex+</​code>​bibtex
 @techreport{...,​ @techreport{...,​
   ...,   ...,
   note = "Also available as \url{http://​...}"​   note = "Also available as \url{http://​...}"​
 } }
-``` +</​code>​ 
-There is good reason to use the [`url`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​url) ​or [`hyperref`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​hyperref)+ 
 +There is good reason to use the [[ctanpkg>​url|url]or [[ctanpkg>​hyperref|hyperref]]
 packages in this context: BibTeX has a habit of splitting packages in this context: BibTeX has a habit of splitting
 lines it considers excessively long, and if there are no space lines it considers excessively long, and if there are no space
 characters for it to use as "​natural"​ breakpoints,​ BibTeX will characters for it to use as "​natural"​ breakpoints,​ BibTeX will
-insert a comment (`%`) character&​nbsp;&​hellip; ​which+insert a comment (''​%''​) character ​... which
 is an acceptable character in an URL.  Any current version of is an acceptable character in an URL.  Any current version of
-either of the [`url`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​urlor [`hyperref`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​hyperrefpackages detects this +either of the [[ctanpkg>​url|url]] or [[ctanpkg>​hyperref|hyperref]] packages detects this 
-"`%`--end-of-line"​ structure in its argument, and+"''​%''​--end-of-line"​ structure in its argument, and
 removes it. removes it.
  
 +
 +-----
 +
 +//Source:// [[faquk>​FAQ-citeURL|URLs in BibTeX bibliographies]]
 +
 +{{htmlmetatags>​metatag-keywords=(LaTeX,​BibTeX)
 +metatag-og:​title=(URLs in BibTeX bibliographies)
 +metatag-og:​site_name=(FAQ LaTeX francophone)
 +}}
  
composition/annexes/bibliographie/citer_une_url2.1528032892.txt.gz · Dernière modification: 2018/06/03 15:34 par d.p.carlisle
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