Making PDF documents from (La)TeX

There are three general routes to PDF output: Adobe's original “distillation” route (via PostScript output), direct conversion of a DVI file, and the use of a direct TeX-like PDF generator such as pdfTeX.

For simple documents (with no hyper-references), you can either

- process the document in the normal way, produce PostScript

  output and distill it;

- (on a Windows or Macintosh machine with appropriate

  tools installed) pass the output through a PDFwriter in place
  of a printer driver.  This route is only appropriate for simple
  documents: PDF writers cannot create hyperlinks;

- process the document with “vanilla” LaTeX and generate PDF

  direct from the DVI using ''dvipdfm''/''dvipdfmx''; or 

- process the document direct to PDF with pdfTeX,

  [[FAQ-luatex|LuaTeX]], or [[FAQ-xetex|XeTeX]].

To translate all the LaTeX cross-referencing into Acrobat links, you need a LaTeX package to redefine the internal commands. There are two of these for LaTeX, both capable of conforming to the HyperTeX specification: Heiko Oberdiek's hyperref, and Michael Mehlich's hyper. (In practice, almost everyone uses hyperref; hyper hasn't been updated since 2000.) Hyperref can often determine how it should generate hypertext from its environment, but there is a wide set of configuration options you can give via \usepackage. The package can operate using pdfTeX primitives, the hyperTeX \specials, or DVI driver-specific \special commands. Both dvips and Y&Y's DVIPSONE can translate the DVI with these \special commands into PostScript acceptable to Distiller, and dvipdfm and dvipdfmx have \special commands of their own.

If you use Plain TeX, the Eplain macros can help you create PDF documents with hyper-references. It can operate using pdfTeX primitives, or \special commands for the dvipdfm/dvipdfmx DVI drivers.

While there is no free implementation of all of Adobe Distillers functionality, any but the implausibly old versions of ''ghostscript'' provide pretty reliable distillation (but beware of the problems with ''dvips'' output for distillation).

For viewing (and printing) the resulting files, Adobe's Acrobat Reader is available for a fair range of platforms; for those for which Adobe's reader is unavailable, remotely current versions of ''ghostscript'' combined with gv or ''gsview'' can display and print PDF files, as can xpdf.

In some circumstances, a ''ghostscript''-based viewer application is actually preferable to Acrobat Reader. For example, on Windows Acrobat Reader locks the pdf file it's displaying: this makes the traditional (and highly effective) (La)TeX development cycle of “Edit$\rightarrow$Process$\rightarrow$Preview” become rather clumsy — ''gsview'' doesn't make the same mistake.


Source: Making PDF documents from (La)TeX

fichiers/pdf/produire_un_fichier_pdf_a_partir_d_un_document_latex2.txt · Dernière modification: 2018/12/04 01:22 par jejust
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