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3_composition:annexes:bibliographie:remplacer_bibtex [2018/05/23 18:47]
joseph.wright
3_composition:annexes:bibliographie:remplacer_bibtex [2018/12/02 23:18]
jejust
Ligne 1: Ligne 1:
---- +====== ​Replacing the BibTeX&​ndash;​LaTeX mechanism ​======
-ID: Q-biblatex +
-revised: 2014-06-10 +
---- +
-Replacing the BibTeX&​ndash;​LaTeX mechanism+
  
-Producing a successor to BibTeX has long been a favoured activity 
-among a certain class of TeX-users; the author has seen reports of 
-progress (on several projects), over the years, but few that claim to 
-be ready for ''​real-world''​ use. 
  
-Few would deny that BibTeX is ripe for renewal: as originally +===== Background ===== 
-conceived, ​it was a program for creating bibliographies for technical + 
-documents, in English. ​ People have contributed mechanisms for a +As originally ​conceived, ​BibTeX ​was a program for creating bibliographies for 
-degree of multilingual use (whose techniques are arcane, and quite +technical ​documents, in English. People have contributed mechanisms for a 
-likely inextensible), while an extension (`bibtex8`) allows +degree of multilingual use, while an extension (''​bibtex8''​) allows use with 
-use with 8-bit character codes, thus providing some multilingual +8-bit character codes, thus providing some multilingual capabilities. In 
-capabilities. ​ In addition, specialist BibTeX style files are +addition, specialist BibTeX style files are available for use in non-technical 
-available for use in non-technical papers.+papers.
  
 BibTeX uses a style language whose mechanisms are unfamiliar to BibTeX uses a style language whose mechanisms are unfamiliar to
Ligne 23: Ligne 15:
 few opportunities to write the language, it's also difficult to become few opportunities to write the language, it's also difficult to become
 fluent (in the way that so many people fluently write the equally fluent (in the way that so many people fluently write the equally
-arcane TeX macro language)+arcane TeX macro language). ​
- +
-Oren Patashnik (the author of BibTeX) summarises the issues as he +
-sees them, in a  +
-[TUG conference paper from 2003](http://​tug.org/​TUGboat/​Articles/​tb24-1/​patashnik.pdf) +
-that seems to suggest that we might expect a +
-BibTeX&​nbsp;​1.0 &​hellip;​ which hasn't (yet) appeared. +
- +
-In the absence of BibTeX&​nbsp;​1.0,​ what do we need from the bibliography +
-system of the future?&​nbsp;&​mdash;​ simple: a superset of what BibTeX does +
-(or can be made to do), preferably implementing a simpler style +
-language, and with coherent multilingual capabilities.+
  
 There are two parts to a bibliography system; processing the database There are two parts to a bibliography system; processing the database
Ligne 42: Ligne 23:
 process the results. process the results.
  
-Of the direct BibTeX replacements,​ only two have been submitted ​to +Whilst a number of approaches ​have been suggested ​to go beyond the 
-CTANCrossTeX ​and `biber`.+BibTeX--LaTeX,​ two stand out for their availability and usage: 
 +''​biblatex'' ​and ''​amsref''​.
  
-CrossTeX's language feels familiar to the existing user of +===== ''​biblatex''/​Biber =====
-BibTeX, but it's redesigned in an object-oriented style, and looks +
-(to a non-user) as if it may well be adequately flexible. ​ It is said +
-to operate as a BibTeX replacement.+
  
-CrossTeX'​s team respond ​to queriesand seem well aware of the +The [[ctanpkg>​Biblatex|biblatex]] package provides a programmable 
-need for multilingual supportthough it isn't currently offered.+approach ​to creating bibliographies in which control takes place in the (La)TeX 
 +coderather than a BibTeX style file. This means that output can be modified 
 +on a per-document basis. Moreover, with full availablity ​of the data in the 
 +LaTeX runa much wider range of bibliographic outcomes are possible. This is 
 +particularly important in supporting citation styles in the humanities. The 
 +''​biblatex''​ package also integrates many ideas from existing BibTeX-focussed 
 +systems, meaning that all interfaces are consistent (and compatible).
  
-`Biber` is intimately associated ​with the LaTeX package +Extracting data from ''​.bib''​ files for use with ''​biblatex'' ​//can// be achieved 
-[`biblatex`](https://ctan.org/pkg/biblatex); it is logically a BibTeX ​replacementbut is also +using "​classical" ​BibTeX: howeverthis is limited. The ''​biblatex''​ package 
-capable of using bibliography databases in its own +is co-developed with the Biber programThis is a Unicode-aware system which 
-`biblatexml` (XML-based) format ​[`Biblatex`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​Biblatex) +can extract data from ''​.bib''​ filessort according to a range of language 
-can also use BibTeXbut `biber` opens up far wider +criteriaand more. It is tied to ''​biblatex''​ (the output format is targeted 
-range of possibilitiesincluding full Unicode support.+at the requirements of ''​biblatex''​).
  
-[`Biblatex`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​Biblatex) is a processor for the output of an application +==== ''​amsrefs''​ ====
-such as `biber` or BibTeX; the style of citations and of +
-the bibliography itself (in your document) is determined by the way +
-your [`biblatex`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​biblatex) style has been set up, not on some +
-BibTeX-LaTeX package combination. ​ [`Biblatex`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​Biblatex)'+
-structure thus eliminates the collections of BibTeX styles, at a +
-stroke; it comes with a basic set of styles, and details are +
-determined by options, set at package loading time.  The author, +
-Philipp Lehman, evaluated the whole field of bibliography software +
-before starting, and as a result the package provides answers to +
-many of the questions asked in the bibliography sections of these +
-FAQs.+
  
-[`Biblatex`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​Biblatex) was released as experimental software, but it's +The [[ctanpkg>​amsrefs|amsrefs]] uses a transformed ​''​.bib'' ​file
-clear that many users are already using it happily; Lehman is +
-responsive to problem reports, at the moment, but a _de facto_ +
-set of expert users is already establishing itself. ​ A set of +
-contributed styles has appeared, which cover some of the trickier +
-bibliography styles.  ​The road map of the project shows that we are +
-now working on the final _beta_ releases before the ''​stable''​ +
-[`biblatex`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​biblatex)&​nbsp;​1.0. +
- +
-Finally, ​[`Amsrefs`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​Amsrefs) ​uses a transformed ​`bibfile,+
 which is expressed as LaTeX macros. ​ (The package provides a which is expressed as LaTeX macros. ​ (The package provides a
 BibTeX style that performs the transformation,​ so that a LaTeX BibTeX style that performs the transformation,​ so that a LaTeX
-source containing a `\nocite{*}command enables BibTeX to +source containing a ''​\nocite{*}'' ​command enables BibTeX to 
-produce a usable ​[`amsrefs`](https://​ctan.org/​pkg/​amsrefs) ​bibliography database.)+produce a usable ​''​amsrefs'' ​bibliography database.) 
 + 
 + 
 + 
 +---
  
-[`Amsrefs`](https:​//ctan.org/pkg/Amsrefs) is maintained by the AMS as part of its author +//Source:// [[faquk>​FAQ-biblatex|Replacing ​the BibTeX&​ndash;​LaTeX mechanism]]
-support programme,+
  
 +{{htmlmetatags>​metatag-keywords=(LaTeX,​misc)
 +metatag-og:​title=(Replacing the BibTeX&​ndash;​LaTeX mechanism)
 +metatag-og:​site_name=(FAQ LaTeX francophone)
 +}}
  
3_composition/annexes/bibliographie/remplacer_bibtex.txt · Dernière modification: 2018/12/04 00:02 par jejust
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